Subsistence farming is a form of production in which nearly all crops or livestock are raised to sustain the farm family, and rarely producing surpluses to sell for cash or store for later use. Subsistence farming, the first style of farming developed in history, it is the practice of small-scale agriculture for direct consumption by individuals, families, and small communities.
Poor farmers households access their food from the market. Food expenditures today can account for as much as 80% of total household income for farmers which makes the livelihood of farmers and their family really difficult. Subsistence agriculture can play an important role in reducing the vulnerability of farmers for their survival, improving livelihoods, and helping them to survive in the world. There is a need to significantly increase the productivity of subsistence/smallholder agriculture and ensure long-term food security.
We support subsistence farming while conserving land and biodiversity to help farmers and their families to raise their standard of living and to survive.
- It is characterized by small and scattered land holdings and use of primitive tools.
- As the farmers are poor, they do not use fertilizers and high yielding variety of seeds in their fields to the extent they should do.
- Facilities like electricity and irrigation are generally not available to them.