Demand for organically grown crops is on the rise, both in domestic niche markets and in export markets. Bihar is strong in production of certain high quality crops, vegetables, fruits and spices which are suitable for organic production system. Department of Agriculture, Bihar has taken initiatives to promote organic farming on a large scale.
Government of Bihar has taken up several programmes to encourage organic farming, with the objectives of promoting sustainable production, improving soil organic carbon for sustenance of soil quality, and promoting export of quality organic produce. In the first phase, based on the experience of the first organic village Pothia, Samastipur, one village in each of the 38 districts was selected as organic or bio-village.
Bio-village is a unit to improve physical, chemical and biological status of soil through locally available organic inputs and production of crops through scientific methods by farmers at village level. The concept helps to lower cost of production, increase fertility and check degradation of soil. Area under vegetable cultivation and number of milch animals are the two important criteria for selection of a bio-village.