Krishi Kisan

Animal husbandry and Dairying farming

Training of Animal husbandry and Dairying farming

Animal rearing is important for humane as they attain a wide range of food products having high nutrient values. They meet the Commercial requirements of high demand for food such as diary needs from cows, goats, and buffaloes. They art called mitch animals as they provide us milk which is full of protein and other Vitamins and minerals.

Animal husbandry takes care of the management and breeding of animals and is a large-scale business. A farm or a specific region is built for providing   shelter, food, and undertaking culturing processes.

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1. Poultry farming

It is a kind of animal husbandry that involves raising domesticated birds including chickens, turkeys, ducks, and geese for producing meat and eggs for food. Large farming is done for poultry in a disease-free environment to obtain healthy and nutritious food from them. Maintaining sanitation and hygiene is important during poultry farming as animals or birds engage in producing a lot of body waste materials. The feces are also used in producing manure or fertilizers for soil. Poultry farming enables massive employment to people that help in the improvement of their economy, especially farmers.

Animal husbandry takes care of the management and breeding of animals and is a large-scale business. A farm or a specific region is built for providing   shelter, food, and undertaking culturing processes.

2. Dairy Farming

It is a class of agriculture where long-term production of milk take’s place that leads to sales after its processing. Various products like curd, yogurt, cheese, butter, and cream can be obtained through the management of dairy animals like sheep, goats, buffaloes, and cows. These dairy Warming animals are called milch animals.

Healthy animals are opted for dairy farming and are inspected regularly for their overall well-being, physically as well as mentally. Animals are milked by machines or by hands and preserved well to make it industrially applicable that can thin be used commercially.

3. Aquatic Farming (Pisciculture)

Aquatic farming called Pisciculture or fish farming, it is also one of the major types of animal husbandry, which is involved in the rearing of fish and other marine creature in enclosures and controlled manner. It is raised in controlled water bodies like tanks, open nets, cages and ponds. It enables disease-free rearing at a fast pace and makes available commercial supply. Extensive aquaculture and intensive aquaculture are the two types of fish farming known where the former is based on local photosynthetic production and the latter is based upon the external food supply for aquatic animals.

Aquatic Farming

4. Bee Farming (Apiculture)

It involves taking care and management of honey bees to produce honey and the wax. Honey possesses wonderful healing properties and can reduce ulcers, regulate blood sugar, lessen digestive problems, treat coughs, and sore throats. Apiculture ensures a safe place for the bees to work and live. Bees are essential for us too as these are engaged in pollination for our food sources. Having bee farming in place, it provides an environment for studying their habitat and behavior.

Bee Farming

5. Goat Farming

  • Shed goat farming
  • House goat farming
  • Commercial goat farming

Goat farming as a source of supplementing household income is getting increasing attention especially among the landless agricultural laborers and small and marginal farmers. Women are increasingly finding it as a potential source of earning cash income to meet their personal requirements. The tradition bound communities currently not rearing goat though economically poor should be motivated through educational and incentive based developmental interventions to take up goat husbandry in entrepreneurship mode for their upliftment. Education through training on improved practices of goat farming develop access to resources, skill and marketing channel, improve decision making ability and women empowerment which in turn improve socio economic status, self sufficiency, welfare of farm women.

Goat Farming

6. Sheep Farming

Sheep farming is common for mutton and wool production in almost all the sheep rearing countries of the world. Also, Dairy sheep farming contributes to nutrient supply in combating under and malnutrition of people. Sheep milk is richer than cow milk in most of the vitamins. Economics importance of dairy sheep lies in income from sale of milk in addition to mutton and wool. Sheep farming will break the vicious circle of poverty and bring sizable contribution to livelihood and source of income to farming communities in the country.

Sheep Farming

7. Pearl Farming

Pearl is a natural gem and is produced by a mollusc. While the demand of pearls in Indian and elsewhere is increasing, their supplies from nature have reduced due to over exploitation and pollution. India is importing a large amount of cultured pearls every year from international market to meet the domestic demand. The Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture, Bhubaneswar has developed the technology of freshwater Pearl Culture from common freshwater mussles, which are widely distributed in freshwather habitats throughout the country. Farming practice of the freshwater pearl culture operation involves 10 major steps sequentially viz, hatchery production, ‘mother oyster’ culture collection of mussels of mussels, pre-operation conditioning, surgery, post-operation care, pond culture and harvesting, processing and marketing of pearls.